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How To Write Chord Progressions Pt.2 – Chord Inversions

Following on from our previous tutorial How To Write Chord Progressions For Electronic Music & Songs this week we’re going to take a look at chord inversions.

Chord inversion is the “rearranging” of the intervals or tones (notes) of a chord into a different order. In the previous tutorial we played our major & minor chords using the root note as the first note in the chord.  So far when playing a C major, we played the chord with the notes in that order. This is known as the Root position.

C (root note) – E (third) – G (fifth)

Let’s now have a look at the 1st inversion for the same C major chord. Instead of starting the chord with the root note (note C), this time let’s start it with the third (note E). This is known as the 1st inversion.

E (third) – G (fifth) – C (root note)

So, you have probably guessed that a chord inversion that begins with the fifth as the starting note is called the 2nd inversion.

G (fifth) – C (root note) – E (third)

As you can see a chord inversion simply represents the order into which the notes are played. Obviously as chords become more complex and contain more than 3 notes; sevenths, ninths, thirteens, etc. the greater the number of piano chord inversions.

You might wonder why use different inversions for the same chord? Surely they must sound the same. Actually you will find that the different arrangements of notes within a chord gives a slightly “new” sound to the chord, even though they are the same chords, made of exactly the same notes.

Inversions are particularly important when playing a chord sequence for example. Although the notes played are identical, you will find that it creates a slightly different feel & mood.


To demonstrate, let’s reconsider the chord sequence that we have already played earlier, using the root position, just like previously:  C Major / A Minor / F Major / G Major

Now let’s play the same chord sequence using the following inversions.
C Major (2nd inversion) / A Minor (Root position) / F Major (1st inversion) / G Major (Root position)

Playing both versions, you can hear that the second version feels a bit different. What happens in the second version is that when moving from the C major to A minor for example, you actually move only one note.

You start with the C major 2nd inversion (G – C – E)

You then move to A minor root position (A – C – E)

So you end up only moving the G to the A. So instead of moving the whole chord, you only move one note, which makes the chord change subtler.  And then the same happens when going from A minor to F major, you only move the note E to F.

We really only scratched the surface here but with this basic knowledge you will see how surprisingly easy it can be to put a simple chord sequence together.

However I would encourage you to learn more about harmony and particularly intervals. The same chords we studied can be altered by adding or changing certain notes thus affecting their sound and “quality”. Certain chords like 7th, Maj7th, and sustained for example, are often used in many styles of pop music to help create mood, atmosphere, emotion.

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Editor’s Note: This is an old article and things have moved on considerably since the original publication date 🙂

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